Since 2003, the Darfur region in the western part of Sudan has been marked by violent conflict, humanitarian crisis and the resulting displacement of over 2 million people. In 2006, with the support of the AU, the UN and other partners, the Darfur Peace Agreement was signed. A renewed peace process took place in 2010 under AU-UN mediation and culminated in a framework document for Darfur. The AU-UN hybrid operation in Darfur (UNAMID) was formally established by the Security Council in July 2007 and consisted of over 25 000 uniformed peacekeepers. From 2012, the UN Security Council decided to decrease the mission’s military strength, and from 2021 UNAMID is expected to drawdown. Today, the situation in Darfur is far from stable, and the UN Security Council has authorized the establishment of a new Special Political Mission in Darfur (UNITAMS).
The EPON report on UNAMID between 2007-2017 was completed in the fall of 2020 and has provided important lessons learned at a critical time before establishing the new special political mission (UNITAMS). On this page, you will find the 2020 EPON study of UNAMID in addition to other related EPON partner studies on peacebuilding and stabilization initiatives in Sudan.