UN Peacekeeping Operations at a Crossroads: The Implementation of Protection Mandates in Contested and Congested Spaces

The Protection of Civilians remains a critical feature of United Nations (UN) peacekeeping operations, offering unique support to populations at risk in fragile and failing states, with a focus on long-term stability and peace. Hosting nations are, however, increasingly engaging the support of bilaterally deployed forces and private military contractors to achieve military and security […]

Shifting from External Dependency: Remodelling the G5 Sahel Joint Force for the Future

After a decade of battling jihadist and violent extremist groups in West Africa, France has initiated the restructuring and relocation of its largest overseas military mission in the Sahel with an announcement of the withdrawal of Operation Barkhane (the French military counterterrorism intervention) from Mali. The exit over the coming months may signify an important […]

The European Union Training Mission in Mali: An Assessment

ThisSIPRIBackground Paper provides an overview of the European Union Training Mission in Mali (EUTM Mali) and assesses its impact on Mali’s conflict dynamics since it was established in 2013. The third of three country-specific papers, it is part of a larger SIPRI project analysing the effectiveness of the EU’s training missions in Somalia, the Central […]

MINUSMA’s 2021 mandate renewal in uncertain times

The Security Council will renew the mandate of the 8-year-old United Nations Multi-dimensional Integrated Stabilization Mission in Mali (MINUSMA) in June 2021 at a time of multiple transitions: on the Malian side with the Transition government due to end in February 2022, and on the mission side with a new SRSG. It also comes at […]


Mali has faced ongoing conflict since the coup d’état in 2012, and progress in the 2015 Malian peace process has been slow.

GPW PD: Lessons Learned from the UN mission in Mali, Somalia, South Sudan, DRC and Darfur


On 4 November 2019, as part of the Geneva Peace Week, the Effectiveness of Peace Operations Network (EPON), the Geneva Centre for Security Policy (GCSP), and the Norwegian Institute of International Affairs (NUPI) co-organized a seminar on how peace operations can help to prevent conflict and contribute to achieving the SDGs. The objective of the […]