The Effectiveness of Peace Operations Network
Peace operations are among the most important international mechanisms for contemporary conflict management. However, their effectiveness remains the subject of confusion and debate in both the policy and academic communities.
Various international organizations conducting peace operations, including the United Nations (UN), the African Union (AU), and the European Union (EU), have come under increasing pressure to justify their effectiveness and impact. Although various initiatives are underway to improve the ability to assess the performance of peace operations, there remains a distinct lack of independent, research-based information about the effectiveness of such operations.
To address this gap, the Norwegian Institute of International Affairs (NUPI), together with over 40 partners from across the globe, have established an international network to jointly undertake research into the effectiveness of peace operations. This network has developed a shared methodology to enable the members to undertake research on this topic. This will ensure coherence across cases and facilitate comparative research. The network will produce a series of reports that will be shared with stakeholders including the UN, AU, and EU, interested national government representatives, researchers, and the general public. Over time, this project will produce a substantial amount of mission-specific assessments, which can be used to identify the key factors that influence the effectiveness of peace operations. This data will be made available via a dedicated web-based dataset that will be a publicly available repository of knowledge on this topic.
In 2018, four pilot case studies will be undertaken in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (MONUSCO), Mali (MINUSMA), Somalia (AMISOM) and South Sudan (UNMISS). The results of these initial research studies will be shared at international seminars in Addis Ababa (African Union HQ), Geneva (Peace Week) and in New York (United Nations HQ). The net- work partners will review the pilot experiences and refine their research methodology, and in 2019 the project will continue with studies of, amongst others, the Central African Republic (MINUSCA), the G5-Sahel Force and the EU Monitoring Mission in the Ukraine (EUMM).
The network is coordinated by NUPI. Many of the partners fund their own participation. NUPI has also received funding from the Norwegian Research Council and the Norwegian Ministry of Foreign Affairs to support the Network and its research, including via the UN Peace Operations project (UNPOP) and the Training for Peace (TfP) programme.
EPON is the first global research network to use a shared methodology to assess the effectiveness of contemporary peace operations. The data generated is be freely available to the global peace operations community, with the overall aim to enhance the effectiveness of international peace operations.
Assessing the Effectiveness of the UN Mission in the Democratic Republic of the Congo / MONUSCO
(expected in January 2019)
Assessing the Effectiveness of the UN Mission in Mali / MINUSMA
(expected in February 2019)
Assessing the Effectiveness of the UN Mission in South Sudan /UNMISS
(expected in March 2019)